Zhou Yu

Chow Yu
Zhou Yu (175–210), courtesy name Gongjin, was a military general and strategist serving under the warlord Sun Ce in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.wikipedia
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Sun Ce

Assault on XuchangHakufu SonsakuSonsaku
Zhou Yu (175–210), courtesy name Gongjin, was a military general and strategist serving under the warlord Sun Ce in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. Around 194, Sun Ce, then acting under orders from the warlord Yuan Shu, led troops into Yang Province to aid his relatives Wu Jing and Sun Ben against the encroachments of the warlord Liu Yao.
With the help of several people, such as Zhang Zhao and Zhou Yu, Sun Ce managed to lay down the foundation of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.

Sun Quan

Suen KuenDa of Eastern WuDa
After Sun Ce died in the year 200, he continued serving under Sun Quan, Sun Ce's younger brother and successor.
His administration proved to be relatively stable in those early years as Sun Jian and Sun Ce's most senior officers, such as Zhou Yu, Zhang Zhao, Zhang Hong, and Cheng Pu supported the succession.

Romance of the Three Kingdoms

classical novel of the same titlenovel of the same titleRomance of Three Kingdoms
However, his popular moniker "Zhou the Beautiful Youth" (meizhoulang 美周郎) does not appear in either the Records or the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
With assistance from Zhou Yu, Zhang Zhao and others, Sun Quan inspired hidden talents such as Lu Su to serve him, built up his military forces and maintained stability in Jiangdong.

Three Kingdoms

Three Kingdoms periodThree Kingdoms eraThe Three Kingdoms
Zhou Yu's victories served as the bedrock of Sun Quan's regime, which in 222 became Eastern Wu, one of the Three Kingdoms.
His advisor Lu Su secured an alliance with Liu Bei, himself a recent refugee from the north, and Zhou Yu was placed in command of Sun Quan's navy, along with a veteran general who served the Sun family, Cheng Pu.

Zhang Zhao

Chang ChaoZhang Fen
As Sun Quan was still relatively young and inexperienced then, Zhou Yu and Zhang Zhao assisted him in overseeing the day-to-day affairs in the Jiangdong territories.
However, Sun Quan refused to listen to Zhang Zhao and instead heeded the advice of Lu Su and Zhou Yu.

Chaohu

Chaohu CityChao CountyDongguan
Yuan Shu wanted to recruit Zhou Yu to serve under him, but Zhou Yu foresaw Yuan Shu's downfall so he pretended to ask for the appointment of Chief of Juchao (居巢; present-day Juchao District, Chaohu, Anhui) while secretly planning to leave Yuan Shu and join Sun Ce.

Sun Ben

Around 194, Sun Ce, then acting under orders from the warlord Yuan Shu, led troops into Yang Province to aid his relatives Wu Jing and Sun Ben against the encroachments of the warlord Liu Yao.
He met Zhou Yu, and joined him to aid Wu Jing, who was under attack from Liu Yao.

Battle of Jiangling (208)

Battle of JianglingattackBattle of Nan Commandery
Zhou Yu is primarily known for his leading role in defeating the numerically superior forces of the northern warlord Cao Cao at the Battle of Red Cliffs in late 208, and again at the Battle of Jiangling in 209.

Lu Su

Lou Suk
Pei Songzhi, who annotated Zhou Yu's biography in the Sanguozhi, argued that Lu Su was actually the first person who urged Sun Quan to resist Cao Cao.
In the year 200, when Sun Quan had just taken over the reins of power, his adviser Zhou Yu recommended Lu Su as a talent to Sun Quan.

Records of the Three Kingdoms

Records of Three KingdomsSanguozhiSanguo Zhi
According to the Records of the Three Kingdoms, Zhou Yu was described as tall, physically strong and having a beautiful appearance.

Lü Meng

Lu MengLui MungShimei Ryoumou
Zhou Yu was assigned as the Chief Commander of the Front Army and he, along with Lü Meng, Ling Tong and others, scored a major victory over the enemy.
Sun Quan's forces, led by Zhou Yu and Cheng Pu, pressed on their attack and besieged Cao Ren in Nan Commandery.

Battle of Red Cliffs

Battle of ChibiRed CliffsBattle of Chi Bi
Zhou Yu is primarily known for his leading role in defeating the numerically superior forces of the northern warlord Cao Cao at the Battle of Red Cliffs in late 208, and again at the Battle of Jiangling in 209.

Battle of Jiangxia

an attack on JiangxiaJiangxia
In the spring of 208, Sun Quan ordered an attack on Jiangxia, which was defended by Huang Zu.
Despite opposition from his chief civil clerk, Zhang Zhao, Sun Quan still appointed Ling Tong to lead the vanguard force, Lü Meng to be the naval commandant, and Zhou Yu as Front Commander to regulate the operation.

Zhuge Liang

Zhuge(Zhuge) LiangChu-kot Leung
At the same time, he also sent his adviser Zhuge Liang to accompany Lu Su to meet Sun Quan and discuss a Sun–Liu alliance.
After Sun Quan's viceroy, Zhou Yu, analysed the situation and pointed out weaknesses in Cao Cao's army, Sun finally agreed to ally with Liu Bei in resisting Cao Cao.

Ling Tong

Zhou Yu was assigned as the Chief Commander of the Front Army and he, along with Lü Meng, Ling Tong and others, scored a major victory over the enemy.
Sun Quan eventually hardened his decision to go to war with Cao Cao after Lu Su and Zhou Yu convinced him.

Huang Zu

Later that year, Huang Zu, the Administrator of Jiangxia Commandery (江夏郡; around present-day Xinzhou District, Wuhan, Hubei), sent his subordinate Deng Long to lead a few thousand troops to attack Sun Quan's forces in Chaisang Commandery (柴桑郡; around present-day Jiujiang, Jiangxi).
Sun Ce brought along his cousins Sun Ben and Sun Fu and other subordinates such as Zhou Yu and Taishi Ci, and led an army to resist Huang Zu.

Two Qiaos

Da QiaoXiao QiaoXiaoqiao
In Wan, they met a certain Elder Qiao, who had two daughters who were famed for their beautiful looks.
Da Qiao married the warlord Sun Ce, who established the foundation of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period; Xiao Qiao married Zhou Yu, a general who served under Sun Ce and later under his successor Sun Quan.

Jiang Gan

Sometime early in Zhou Yu's career, Cao Cao heard of Zhou's talent and wanted to recruit Zhou Yu to serve under him, so he sent Jiang Gan to persuade Zhou Yu to defect to his side.
He is best known for his attempt to persuade Zhou Yu, a general serving under the warlord Sun Quan, to defect to Sun Quan's rival Cao Cao after the Battle of Red Cliffs in the winter of 208–209.

Gan Ning

Su FeiGuan Yu's Shallows
Zhou Yu later ordered Gan Ning to station at Yiling (夷陵; present-day Yichang, Hubei).
When Gan Ning brought his followers to Jiangdong, Zhou Yu and Lü Meng recommended him as a talent to their lord, Sun Quan.

Liu Bei

Lau Beifirst emperor of ShuLiu
Around the time, Liu Bei had recently been defeated by Cao Cao at the Battle of Changban, and he planned to lead his followers south across the Yangtze River.
Sun Quan's forces, led by Zhou Yu, attacked Cao Ren after their resounding victory to wrestle for control of Jiangling County.

Romance of the Three Kingdoms (TV series)

Romance of the Three KingdomsRomance of the Three Kingdoms'' (TV series)
Notable actors who have portrayed Zhou Yu in film and television include Hong Yuzhou (Romance of the Three Kingdoms), Tony Leung (Red Cliff), and Victor Huang (Three Kingdoms).
Two other prominent examples of case (2) were Wu Xiaodong and Hong Yuzhou – Wu portrayed Sun Jian in episode 5 and Sun Quan from episode 30 onwards; Hong played a young Yuan Shao in episode 5 and Zhou Yu from episode 9 onwards.

Sun Luban

He married Sun Quan's daughter Sun Luban and served as a Cavalry Commandant in Eastern Wu.
Sun Luban initially married Zhou Xun, Zhou Yu's son, but Zhou Xun died early.

Mengchong

Huang Gai then prepared about ten mengchongs and doujians (鬬艦; a type of warship) and filled them with the ingredients necessary for starting a fire.
One of its most famous uses was in the naval battle of Red Cliffs in late 208 to early 209, in which the Eastern Wu commander Zhou Yu ordered Huang Gai to use a group of the ships loaded with flammable material in a fire attack on the navy of Cao Cao.

Qin Song

Sun Quan gathered all his subjects, including Zhang Zhao and Qin Song, for a discussion, but they could not arrive at a conclusion.
Sun Quan did not want to surrender to Cao Cao, and he hardened his decision to go to war with Cao Cao after Lu Su and Zhou Yu convinced him to do so.

Huang Gai

Huang Kai
Huang Gai, one of Sun Quan's generals, told Zhou Yu: "The enemy are superior in numbers in comparison with our side. I fear that we cannot last long. However, I observe that Cao Cao's ships are linked to each other. We can destroy them by fire."
He was a subordinate of Zhou Yu, who was the frontline commander of Sun Quan's forces in that battle.