Zombie

zombieszombie apocalypsezombifiedzombie outbreakwalkersundeadzombificationZombies in popular cultureliving deadreanimated corpses
A zombie (Haitian French: zombi, zonbi) is a fictional undead being created through the reanimation of a corpse.wikipedia
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Robert Southey

SoutheySouthey, RobertRobert and Edith Southey
The English word "zombie" was first recorded in 1819, in a history of Brazil by the poet Robert Southey, in the form of "zombi".
The English word "zombie", from the Haitian French "zombi", is purported to have first been recorded by Southey in his 1819 essay History of Brazil.

Zombie apocalypse

zombie outbreakzombie plaguezombie apocalyptic
The "zombie apocalypse" concept, in which the civilized world is brought low by a global zombie infestation, has since become a staple of modern popular art.
In a zombie apocalypse, a widespread rise of zombies hostile to human life engages in a general assault on civilization.

Zombie film

zombiezombie filmszombie movie
After zombie films such as Dawn of the Dead (1978) and Michael Jackson's music video Thriller (1983), the genre waned for some years. These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre.
Zombies are fictional creatures usually portrayed as reanimated corpses or virally infected human beings.

Zombie comedy

zombie comedy filmcomedic horrorzom-com
These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre.
The zombie comedy, often called zom com or zomedy, is a film genre that aims to blend zombie horror motifs with slapstick comedy as well as dark comedy.

Resident Evil

Raccoon Cityvideo game series of the same nameBiohazard
In the Far East during the late 1990s, the Japanese zombie video games Resident Evil and The House of the Dead led to a resurgence of zombies in popular culture.
The story follows outbreaks of zombies and other monsters created mainly by the Umbrella Corporation.

Undead

reanimatedreanimationundeath
A zombie (Haitian French: zombi, zonbi) is a fictional undead being created through the reanimation of a corpse.
The undead may be incorporeal like ghosts, or corporeal like vampires and zombies.

I Walked with a Zombie

film of the same name
Zombies, often still using this voodoo-inspired rationale, were initially uncommon in cinema, but their appearances continued sporadically through the 1930s to the 1960s, with films including I Walked with a Zombie (1943) and Plan 9 from Outer Space (1959).
Its plot follows a nurse who travels to care for the ailing wife of a sugar plantation owner in the Caribbean, where she encounters supernatural phenomena such as voodoo and the walking dead.

28 Days Later

28 Days Later...28 Days28 Days Later…
These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre.
The film is credited with reinvigorating the zombie genre of horror film, as well as increasing the popularity of fast-moving zombies (while Dan O'Bannon's 1985 film The Return of the Living Dead featured the first example of "fast zombies" in cinema, the concept was largely neglected in media until after the release of 28 Days Later).

Bone Song

Tristopolis series
Notable examples of the latter include movies Warm Bodies and Zombies, novels American Gods by Neil Gaiman, Generation Dead by Daniel Waters, and Bone Song by John Meaney, animated movie Corpse Bride, TV series Pushing Daisies and iZombie, and manga/anime series Sankarea: Undying Love.
The novel is set in Tristopolis, a fantastic city where humans live side by side with zombies, wraiths, mages, witches, talking gargoyles and other mystical creatures.

Shaun of the Dead

EdShaun and Ed
These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre.
By morning, a zombie apocalypse has overwhelmed London, but Shaun and Ed are slow to notice until they encounter two zombies in their garden and kill them with blows to the head.

Dawn of the Dead (1978 film)

Dawn of the DeadDawn of the Dead'' (1978 film)1978 film
The monsters in the film and its sequels, such as Dawn of the Dead (1979) and Day of the Dead (1985), as well as its many inspired works, such as The Return of the Living Dead (1985) and Zombi 2 (1979), are usually hungry for human flesh, although Return of the Living Dead introduced the popular concept of zombies eating brains.
The United States is devastated by a mysterious phenomenon that reanimates recently-deceased human beings as flesh-eating zombies.

The House of the Dead

House of the DeadThe House of the Dead'' series1998 Curien Mansion incident
These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre. In the Far East during the late 1990s, the Japanese zombie video games Resident Evil and The House of the Dead led to a resurgence of zombies in popular culture.
The House of the Dead has been, along with Resident Evil, credited with popularising zombie video games as well as re-popularising zombies in mainstream popular culture from the late 1990s onwards, leading to renewed interest in zombie films during the 2000s.

Michael Jackson's Thriller (music video)

ThrillerMichael Jackson's Thrillermusic video
After zombie films such as Dawn of the Dead (1978) and Michael Jackson's music video Thriller (1983), the genre waned for some years.
The couple are surrounded and Michael becomes a zombie.

Generation Dead

Notable examples of the latter include movies Warm Bodies and Zombies, novels American Gods by Neil Gaiman, Generation Dead by Daniel Waters, and Bone Song by John Meaney, animated movie Corpse Bride, TV series Pushing Daisies and iZombie, and manga/anime series Sankarea: Undying Love.
Adam and another living boy, Thornton Harrowood, come to accept Tommy, but when the team plays their first match, they are harassed by anti-zombie protestors.

Corpse Bride

Tim Burton's Corpse BrideThe Corpse Bridecorpse with his bride
Notable examples of the latter include movies Warm Bodies and Zombies, novels American Gods by Neil Gaiman, Generation Dead by Daniel Waters, and Bone Song by John Meaney, animated movie Corpse Bride, TV series Pushing Daisies and iZombie, and manga/anime series Sankarea: Undying Love.
The root, however, turns out to be the finger of a murdered woman in a tattered bridal gown named Emily, who rises from the grave as a zombie claiming that she is now Victor's wife.

Baron Samedi

Baron SaturdayBaronBaron Sunday
It was thought that the voodoo deity Baron Samedi would gather them from their grave to bring them to a heavenly afterlife in Africa ("Guinea"), unless they had offended him in some way, in which case they would be forever a slave after death, as a zombie.
He also ensures that all corpses rot in the ground to stop any soul from being brought back as a brainless zombie.

Jiangshi

hopping corpseChinese Vampirehopping vampire
Another antecedent is the Chinese jiangshi, a zombie-like creature dating back to Qing dynasty era jiangshi fiction of the 18th and 19th centuries.
A jiangshi, also known as a Chinese hopping vampire or hopping zombie, is a type of reanimated corpse in Chinese legends and folklore.

Resident Evil (film series)

Resident EvilResident Evil'' film seriesResident Evil: Apocalypse
These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie (1998) and action film Versus (2000), and then a new wave of Western zombie films in the early 2000s, including films featuring fast running zombies such as 28 Days Later (2002), the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the 2004 Dawn of the Dead remake, while the British film Shaun of the Dead (2004) was in the zombie comedy subgenre.
The Red Queen kills every living thing in the facility to ensure that the T-Virus doesn't reach the surface, but the T-Virus reanimates them, transforming the humans into ravenous zombies and the animals into highly aggressive mutants.

Wade Davis (anthropologist)

Wade Davis
Several decades after Hurston's work, Wade Davis, a Harvard ethnobotanist, presented a pharmacological case for zombies in a 1983 article in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, and later in two popular books: The Serpent and the Rainbow (1985) and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie (1988).
Davis came to prominence with his 1985 best-selling book The Serpent and the Rainbow about the zombies of Haiti.

Bokor

bocorvoodooist
Zombies are featured widely in Haitian rural folklore as dead persons physically revived by the act of necromancy of a bokor, a sorcerer or witch.
Their black magic includes the creation of zombies and the creation of 'ouangas', talismans that house spirits.

William Seabrook

William Buehler SeabrookSeabrookW. B. Seabrook
One of the first books to expose Western culture to the concept of the voodoo zombie was The Magic Island (1929) by W. B. Seabrook.
The book is credited with introducing the concept of a zombie to popular culture.

The Serpent and the Rainbow (book)

The Serpent and the RainbowThe Serpent and the Rainbow'' (book)non-fiction book of the same name
Several decades after Hurston's work, Wade Davis, a Harvard ethnobotanist, presented a pharmacological case for zombies in a 1983 article in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, and later in two popular books: The Serpent and the Rainbow (1985) and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie (1988).
He investigated Haitian Vodou and the process of making zombies.

I Am Legend (novel)

I Am LegendRichard Matheson's I Am LegendI Am A Legend
This interpretation of the zombie is drawn largely from George A. Romero's film Night of the Living Dead (1968), which was in turn partly inspired by Richard Matheson's novel I Am Legend (1954).
In I Am Legend, the "vampires" share more similarities with zombies, and the novel influenced the zombie genre and popularized the concept of a worldwide zombie apocalypse.

Horror film

horrorhorror moviehorror films
Today, zombie films are released with such regularity (at least 55 films were released in 2014 alone ) that they can be viewed as a separate subgenre of Horror film.
Prevalent elements include ghosts, extraterrestrials, vampires, werewolves, demons, Satanism, evil clowns, gore, torture, vicious animals, evil witches, monsters, giant monsters, zombies, cannibalism, psychopaths, natural, ecological or man-made disasters, and serial killers.

Clairvius Narcisse

Davis also popularized the story of Clairvius Narcisse, who was claimed to have succumbed to this practice.
Based on the presumption that tetrodotoxin and related toxins are not always fatal, but at near-lethal doses can leave a person in a state of near-death for several days with the person remaining conscious, tetrodotoxin has been alleged to result in zombieism, and has been suggested as an ingredient in Haitian Vodou preparations.