Zond 1

Zond 1 was a spacecraft of the Soviet Zond program.wikipedia
34 Related Articles

3MV

3MV-43MV planetary probe3MV-1
The spacecraft, a Venera 3MV-1, was launched on April 2, 1964 from Tyuratam and this time the launch vehicle performed flawlessly.
It was an incremental improvement of earlier 2MV probes and was used for Zond 1, Zond 2 and Zond 3 missions to Mars as well as several Venera probes.

List of missions to Venus

List of Venus MisisonsVenus missions
* List of missions to Venus

Observations and explorations of Venus

Exploration of VenusVenusexploration
The Soviet Union launched the Zond 1 probe to Venus in 1964, but it malfunctioned sometime after its May 16 telemetry session.

Energia (corporation)

OKB-1RKK EnergiaNPO Energia
Chief Designer Sergei Korolev was upset at the failure of the mission and demanded higher quality control from the OKB-1 Bureau, including X-rays to test for pressure leaks.

Zond program

ZondZond 1968AZond series
Zond 1 was a spacecraft of the Soviet Zond program.

Spacecraft

spaceshipspaceshipsspace ship
Zond 1 was a spacecraft of the Soviet Zond program.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Zond 1 was a spacecraft of the Soviet Zond program.

Venus

Morning Starevening starplanet Venus
It was the second Soviet research spacecraft to reach Venus, although communications had failed by that time.

Water

H 2 OHOliquid water
It carried a 90 cm spherical landing capsule, containing experiments for chemical analysis of the atmosphere, gamma-ray measurements of surface rocks, a photometer, temperature and pressure gauges, and a motion/rocking sensor in case it landed in water.

Ullage motor

ullage rocketullage rocketspropellant accumulation
At least three previous Soviet planetary probes had been lost due to malfunctions of the ullage rockets (BOZ) on the Blok L stage, but an investigation found that the problem was easily resolved.

Baikonur Cosmodrome

BaikonurBaykonur CosmodromeBaikonur space center
The spacecraft, a Venera 3MV-1, was launched on April 2, 1964 from Tyuratam and this time the launch vehicle performed flawlessly.

Vacuum tube

vacuum tubestubethermionic valve
This was a serious problem as Soviet electronics relied on vacuum tubes which would overheat without cooling air.

Corona discharge

coronacoronal dischargecorona discharge tube
An ill-timed command from ground control turned on its radio system while there was still a rarefied atmosphere inside, causing the electronics to short out by corona discharge.

Sergei Korolev

Sergey KorolyovSergey KorolevSergei Korolyov
Chief Designer Sergei Korolev was upset at the failure of the mission and demanded higher quality control from the OKB-1 Bureau, including X-rays to test for pressure leaks.

X-ray

X-raysX raysoft X-ray
Chief Designer Sergei Korolev was upset at the failure of the mission and demanded higher quality control from the OKB-1 Bureau, including X-rays to test for pressure leaks.

Venera 3

A similar design of landing capsule was used in Venera 3.

Kosmos 21

Cosmos 21
Zond 1 was actually the second craft that was meant to carry the Zond name, however its predecessor failed to leave earth orbit and was designated Kosmos 21.

Heliocentric orbit

Heliocentrictrans-Mars injectionsolar orbit

1964 in spaceflight

1964 in spaceflight (January–June)

Timeline of Solar System exploration

planetary explorationTimeline of planetary explorationSolar System exploration