Zoology

zoologistzoologicalzoologistsanimal biologyAnimalAnimal Scienceanimal sciencesvertebrate zoologyzoological scienceszoölogy
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.wikipedia
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Animal

Animaliaanimalsmetazoa
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.
The study of non-human animals is known as zoology.

Aristotle's biology

texts on biologyhis biologybiology
Although the concept of zoology as a single coherent field arose much later, the zoological sciences emerged from natural history reaching back to the biological works of Aristotle and Galen in the ancient Greco-Roman world.
Aristotle's biology is the theory of biology, grounded in systematic observation and collection of data, mainly zoological, embodied in Aristotle's books on the science.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.
When possible, modern zoological institutions try to maintain a viable population for species preservation and possible future reintroduction to the wild, through use of carefully planned breeding programs.

Albertus Magnus

Albert the GreatSaint Albert the GreatSt. Albert the Great
This ancient work was further developed in the Middle Ages by Muslim physicians and scholars such as Albertus Magnus.
These displayed his prolific habits and encyclopedic knowledge of topics such as logic, theology, botany, geography, astronomy, astrology, mineralogy, alchemy, zoology, physiology, phrenology, justice, law, friendship, and love.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Carl von Linné
Prominent in this movement were Vesalius and William Harvey, who used experimentation and careful observation in physiology, and naturalists such as Carl Linnaeus, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, and Buffon who began to classify the diversity of life and the fossil record, as well as the development and behavior of organisms.
Flora Suecica was a strictly botanical book, while Fauna Suecica was zoological.

Natural history

naturalistnaturalistsnatural historian
Although the concept of zoology as a single coherent field arose much later, the zoological sciences emerged from natural history reaching back to the biological works of Aristotle and Galen in the ancient Greco-Roman world.
In modern Europe, professional disciplines such as botany, geology, mycology, palaeontology, physiology and zoology were formed.

Ornithology

ornithologistornithologicalornithologists
For example, it generally involves scientists who have special training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, herpetology, or entomology, but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions about evolution.
Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.

Evolutionary biology

evolutionary biologistevolutionary biologistsevolutionary
In the early 20th century, the rediscovery of Mendel's work led to the rapid development of genetics, and by the 1930s the combination of population genetics and natural selection in the modern synthesis created evolutionary biology.
An earlier way is by perceived taxonomic group, with fields such as zoology, botany, and microbiology, reflecting what were once seen as the major divisions of life.

Entomology

entomologistentomologicalentomologists
For example, it generally involves scientists who have special training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, herpetology, or entomology, but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions about evolution.
Entomology is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology.

Mammalogy

mammalogistmammalogistsTherology
For example, it generally involves scientists who have special training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, herpetology, or entomology, but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions about evolution.
In zoology, mammalogy is the study of mammals – a class of vertebrates with characteristics such as homeothermic metabolism, fur, four-chambered hearts, and complex nervous systems.

Herpetology

herpetologistherpetofaunaherpetologists
For example, it generally involves scientists who have special training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, herpetology, or entomology, but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions about evolution.
Herpetology (from Greek ἑρπετόν herpetón, meaning "reptile" or "creeping animal") is the branch of zoology concerned with the study of amphibians (including frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians (gymnophiona)) and reptiles (including snakes, lizards, amphisbaenids, turtles, terrapins, tortoises, crocodilians, and the tuataras).

Evolutionary developmental biology

evo-devoevolutionary developmental biologistevolutionary development
In the 1980s, developmental biology re-entered evolutionary biology from its initial exclusion from the modern synthesis through the study of evolutionary developmental biology.
The field grew from 19th-century beginnings, where embryology faced a mystery: zoologists did not know how embryonic development was controlled at the molecular level.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

International Code of Zoological Nomenclature

ICZNzoological nomenclatureICZN Code
The classification, taxonomy, and nomenclature of zoological organisms is administered by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

Binomial nomenclature

scientific namebinomial namebinomial authority
It includes ranks and binomial nomenclature.

Georges Cuvier

CuvierG. CuvierGeorge Cuvier
Since Hunter and Cuvier, comparative anatomical study has been associated with morphography, shaping the modern areas of zoological investigation: anatomy, physiology, histology, embryology, teratology and ethology.
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier (23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".

Type (biology)

type localitytype specimentype
Scientific classification in zoology, is a method by which zoologists group and categorize organisms by biological type, such as genus or species.
The usage of the term type is somewhat complicated by slightly different uses in botany and zoology.

Invertebrate zoology

invertebrate zoologistA Study Guide to Invertebrate Zoology
Invertebrate zoology is the subdiscipline of zoology that consists of the study of invertebrates, animals without a backbone (a structure which is found only in fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.)

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Scientific classification in zoology, is a method by which zoologists group and categorize organisms by biological type, such as genus or species. Domain; kingdom; phylum; class; order; family; genus; species.
The specific name is written in lower-case and may be followed by subspecies names in zoology or a variety of infraspecific names in botany.

Ichthyology

ichthyologistichthyologicalichthyologists
Ichthyology (from Greek: ἰχθύς, ikhthys, "fish"; and λόγος, logos, "study"), also known as fish science, is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish.

Outline of zoology

ZoologyoutlineAnimal
Zoology – study of animals.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
Domain; kingdom; phylum; class; order; family; genus; species.

Taxonomy (biology)

taxonomictaxonomytaxonomist
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems. Prominent in this movement were Vesalius and William Harvey, who used experimentation and careful observation in physiology, and naturalists such as Carl Linnaeus, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, and Buffon who began to classify the diversity of life and the fossil record, as well as the development and behavior of organisms. The classification, taxonomy, and nomenclature of zoological organisms is administered by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Scientific classification in zoology, is a method by which zoologists group and categorize organisms by biological type, such as genus or species.
In zoology, the nomenclature for the more commonly used ranks (superfamily to subspecies), is regulated by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN Code).

Paleontology

paleontologistpalaeontologistpalaeontology
These developments, as well as the results from embryology and paleontology, were synthesized in Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection.
Hence, paleontology overlaps with geology (the study of rocks and rock formations) as well as with botany, biology, zoology and ecology – fields concerned with life forms and how they interact.

Order (biology)

ordersuborderorders
Domain; kingdom; phylum; class; order; family; genus; species.
In zoology, the Linnaean orders were used more consistently.